Efficiency Optimal. Financials Very Stable. Company Essentials. Promoter Holding Sales Growth ROE ROCE Profit Growth Your Added Ratios. Profit Excl OI Op. Profit last Yr Op. Volume Chart 1d 1w 1m 3m 6m 1Yr 3Yr 5Yr. Peer Comparison. Group Companies Track the companies of Group. Sales Growth. Profit Growth. Price to Cash Flow Interest Cover Ratio 9. Share Holding Pattern. Strengths The company has shown a good revenue growth of Company has a healthy Interest coverage ratio of 9.
The company has an efficient Cash Conversion Cycle of The company has a high promoter holding of Quarterly Result All Figures in Cr. Adjusted EPS in Rs. Balance Sheet All Figures are in Crores. Cash Flows All Figures are in Crores. Report us. Company Presentations Currently we do not have any Presentation and Concall related to this company. Toy, and Maker Faire. We caught up with product development manager Paul Rothman via Skype from their office in New York City to learn about the idea behind the new Synth Kit.
The wheels were first set in motion when Bdeir met improv comedian and musician Reggie Watts at a TED Conference last year and began hypothesizing ways to incorporate music synthesizer technology into the bits. Watts visited the littleBits team to consult on what a basic synth kit would need and Korg then developed the circuitry. He explains that the original synthesizers were initially built in a series of connected modules within a larger machine.
Users who may be more experienced, like Watts, will find it satisfying and very customizable as well, says Rothman. With the release of the Synth Kit, littleBits is starting a trend of creating new bits for different fields. Now the team has moved to tackle music, and will continue to do so with a few more bits they plan to release next year which are anticipated to complement the Synth Kit.
Also next year, the team has plans to look to different fields of science for new designs; they recently announced a new partnership with Arduino to develop modules that will allow users to write programs on their computer to control sensors, lights, and motors. The new Synth Kit, which is now available for pre-order, will be shipped on December 6 th , with 11 bits, including a sequencer, filter, two oscillators, a keyboard and speaker letting users mix and match to make the mini-synth of their dreams or their own instruments, as seen below:.
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It seems that most investors are willing to follow each other up mountains and off cliffs simply because that's what everyone else is doing. There are tons of outstanding examples to illustrate this lemming-like behavior, but we'll go with Google GOOG since it's a company almost everyone has heard of. As a result, Google's stock price plummets by 4.
Wait a minute Google is a global company, not just a US company and they're not even in the financial sector, right? And Google continues to post strong earnings, great growth and is dominating their competitors in market share and revenue growth, right?
Google still has the same solid management in place and isn't in any sort of financial, litigation, or other major trouble either, right? In short, investor psychology. When people panic you see a lot of short term fluctuation in share prices as a result of their behavior.
They calm fears by reminding people that inflation is in check, promise to keep pumping cash in to ease the liquidity crunch, and demonstrate again that they are willing to do whatever is necessary to stabilize the economy and avoid a prolonged recession. Professional analysts and news pundits are clamoring again but this time they tell us that the Fed is making some brilliant moves.
The same investors that panicked yesterday panic again, but this time they are flooding back into the market for fear of missing out on a big rally which they ironically create. Only one day later, Google's stock price soars by 4.
Do you think Google's true value really changed so drastically in a two day period? Of course not. There is simply a lot of volatility in the short term, which is why we want you to understand a little about investor psychology, so you can avoid the herd. In the example, the herd sold on the way down and bought on the way up.
If you buy high and sell low you are guaranteed to lose money. Unfortunately we are programmed to act this way, your mind will try to get you to make stupid stock market moves whenever you are scared or stressed, you'll have to make a conscious effort to avoid these mistakes.
To avoid all of this unnecessary stress, master your own psychological impulses. Hold on to your winners for as long as you can, at least a year, and don't let short-term market volatility scare you into or out of the market. Long term investors win, short term investors lose, and that's not a theory, it's a fact. Also, avoid bouncing between strategies when the market changes, reacting to news, or trying to time the market by moving back and forth from cash to stocks.
If you understand your strategy and are good at implementing it, you should wind up with high quality stocks that you bought at a good price and that you can hold onto for a long period of time. Dollar Cost Averaging means investing a fixed amount of money on a regular basis.
The benefit is that you are always buying more stock when prices are low since the market trend is usually upward. The reason this is so important for you to learn is because most investors do the exact opposite. Don't you feel the urge to buy when the market is bullish and rising and feel the urge to wait or sell when the market is bearish and dropping? Most people do, and as a result they buy when prices are high and do nothing or sell when prices are low or falling. This kind of behavior greatly increases your cost basis and decreases your returns, so avoid it, be a dollar-cost averager.
Remember that even if the market tanks it always recovers for long term investors, and when it is low you will snatch up a lot of shares at bargain prices. As long as you are dollar-cost averaging you will always be buying shares at a cheaper price. While this is actually a component of investor psychology, it's important enough to have earned spot 9 on our top 10 list of investing principles. Sounds silly doesn't it, why would any investor hold on to their losers and sell their winners?
Oddly, this is what many people do, and not just beginners. Even seasoned investors will fall into this habit occasionally if they're not diligent about sticking to their strategy. Let's first talk about holding on to losers, almost everyone has done this so it's an easier concept to absorb.
We often put a lot of hard work into selecting investments. However, investing is a numbers game, we can't be right every time and we will inevitably pick losers now and then. When this happens, rather than realizing that we either missed something when we did our research or that something has fundamentally changed about the company or the market, many of us still stubbornly believe that we made a good investment. Because we worked so hard to identify a good stock, we find it hard to believe that we were wrong.
Even if the price is dropping while our other investments are going up we hold onto it because we're sure the loss is only a temporary correction and that the stock will head back up very soon. This rarely ends well. Eventually we realize that no recovery is in sight and we sell the stock back into the market at a much larger loss than we should have taken.
On the other side of the equation, when we review our portfolio and see that an investment has done particularly well, we are often tempted to take a profit because we don't think that any company can sustain such exceptional performance for long. Stock investors are more likely to behave this way than fund investors since they are looking at individual stocks but it can happen to anyone.
Let's look at Google again since it's a company we've already used for several examples. As a result, there was an enormous amount of selling volume in April. Had Google's growth potential or business environment changed? No, the selling was simply early profit-taking by skittish investors.
Ouch, painful lesson. As painful as it is to take a loss, smart investors set sell limits for every investment that they buy. If it gets close to that limit, they reevaluate to see if they erred in their research or if something has fundamentally changed. Regardless of the situation, if the investment hits the sell limit, they get rid of it, they don't ever hold on hoping it will go up because they know their money will be better off working for them elsewhere.
On the other side of the equation side, avoid selling winners by doing as much homework before you sell as you did before you bought. If the company still meets all of the criteria for your strategy, isn't it still a winner and shouldn't you hold onto it? Trust your strategy and hold onto any investment that still meets all of your buy criteria, there is no limit to how high a stock can go so price appreciation should get you excited, not scare you to the sidelines.
Don't throw good money after bad. If you hold onto losers or sell winners, you are not managing your money efficiently and this will kill your returns. The easiest way to correct this behavior is to stay objective with every investing decision and stick to your strategy, never let your emotions make investing decisions for you. This is so true about everything in life and it's especially true about investing. As a beginner, you are probably overwhelmed by the amount of information you need to learn to become a savvy investor.
This is a good time to point out an important fact. Your confusion is a result of your lack of knowledge and from the overwhelming amount of new information being thrown at you, NOT because investing is complex and sophisticated. Don't stray from the keep it simple philosophy as you become a more seasoned investor. You have to understand the basics of your strategy, but don't needlessly add complexity because you feel being a more sophisticated investor will make you more successful.
Index investors choose funds that own the stocks of whatever index they'd like to track That's it, that's the whole strategy. You were expecting more? Half of our Fund Street Monthly newsletter is dedicated to Index and ETF investing because it is one of the best strategies even though it is also one of the simplest.
Bottom line, if you adhere to the 10 Basic Principles of Investing, always continue to learn, implement your strategy well, and stay abreast of changes in the market and the economy you will be a successful investor. Have you heard of Peter Lynch? Invest in what you know.
Sounds simple but there is a lot of wisdom in this advice. Lynch meant that in our everyday lives we tend to become experts in some field or another either because it relates to our career or because we use related products on a daily basis. For example, if you have been a pharmaceutical salesman for the past 15 years, you probably have picked up a lot of knowledge about the major companies, the industry, how a product is tested and marketed, not to mention detailed knowledge on any drugs that you have sold during your career.
This expertise is your foundation and gold mine as an investor. To emphasize this point, imagine you are the pharmaceutical rep described above and you are trying to decide between two different investments. The first is a profitable and established pharmaceutical company that you've been competing against for 15 years.
Your friends think it's a boring stock and point out that their share price hasn't budged in five years while the market has made great gains. They tell you that new drugs come out all the time, and remind you that this company has already released two this year without making any impression on investors or impact to the share price. However, you know that this pharmaceutical company has solid patents and recently received FDA approval for a cheaper generic version of a very expensive drug that your company makes.
Sales for your company's competing drug have plummeted as a result. You also know that this is a popular drug, many doctors will prescribe it to the elderly on a regular basis. You ask around different companies and reps in your industry and find that no one else has anything in testing or pending approval that can compete on a cost basis.
Finally, this company is huge, they will have no trouble digging into their deep pockets to market and mass produce. The second potential investment is a tech IPO that your broker and a couple of your friends are really excited about. Apparently they invented some type of technology that can improve the speed of all search engines and they just landed Google as a client, the major player in the search engine space. As a result of the Google deal, they are already making money which isn't always the case for many startup tech companies.
You're seeing a lot of news about this IPO, it looks like it will be a hot stock since there's already so much buzz. Your broker even offered to get you some IPO shares which will probably net you a nice profit on the very first day of trading. What would Peter Lynch do? He would buy the pharmaceutical company every single time. Here's what you know.
The well-established pharmaceutical company has a new patent protected drug that is already approved for sale by the FDA. The tech company has an unproven product, investors don't even know if major search engines such as their new client, Google, will need or continue to use the technology.
The drug is already proving itself by outselling you, the competition. You have no idea how well the tech company is equipped to compete and it sounds like they may be dependent on their one major client for survival, Google. Not a strong position. Finally, there won't be any competitors for several years for the drug company because no one is even testing a competing product yet. What are the barriers to entry for the tech company, could one pop up tomorrow or could Google or Yahoo just make their own version of the technology?
We certainly don't want you to get the impression that you should avoid every strategy, stock, or fund that you don't know much about. What we really want you to understand is that you should play to your strengths when you invest. Invest in what you know when you can and when you want to try something new, take the time to learn a lot about it first.
Ignoring this rule can ruin even great strategies. For example, a value investor is always looking for great bargains, i. But if they buy companies that they know little about, more often than not they'll wind up with a stock that has done something to deserve a low share price and would have been best avoided. There is an enormous amount of information available for any stock you'd like to buy. Study the company, their competition, the industry, and anything else you can think of before you decide.
This sounds like a lot of work but your portfolio will reward you generously in the form of profits if you do your homework. One of the most common and costly mistakes that new investors make is not measuring their performance against an appropriate benchmark.
Many don't compare to ANY benchmark, much less an appropriate one. What is the danger? The biggest drawback is you will never really know how well or poorly you are investing. There are tons of them, they are easy to look up, and there are plenty of free tools available that will allow you to compare your performance to an index with just a couple of mouse clicks. We will provide a list of the most popular and which strategy they match in the chart below. The year is and all of your money is invested in Large Cap US companies.
Pretty strong, right? The problem is that you have absolutely no basis of comparison. Now let's add some information and see how drastically it can change the picture. To add insult to injury, let's also throw in the possibility that your returns are much less because you selected highly volatile companies and a few tanked.
Regardless of your strategy or goals, you should always compare your month-over-month and annual performance to an appropriate benchmark. We already mentioned that if you don't compare you'll never know if you're improving as an investor. Another major reason is to see how well you are implementing your investing strategy.
For example, if you've chosen to purchase large growth stocks and technology stocks a good index to compare too would be the NASDAQ If you outperform the index for several years in a row, then you have proven that you are good at implementing your strategy of buying high potential growth and technology stocks.
Unfortunately, many people think that buying an index fund is like throwing in the towel. They feel this way because it means accepting the market returns, index investors aren't really implementing any traditional investment strategy. If you can't beat 'em, join 'em. No problem. That means you'll look at more than one index and you should compare each investment or group of investments to their relevant index. Germany's version of the Dow.
This is a Blue Chip stock index consisting of 30 major German companies. Popular German Index and a good measure of the health of the German economy. Good benchmark for any large cap German based stocks. Best-known and most widely followed market indicator in the world and a good measure of US economic health. Perfect benchmark for Blue Chip, large cap and Income Investors. Good benchmark for any large cap UK based stocks.
Popular Hong Kong Exchange index and a good measure of China's economic health. They have a video game type sound, nowhere near as smooth sounding as a sine wave. In fact, it is probably best to think of them as opposites in terms of how they will sound. Due to its square nature, a square wave covers a series of harmonics. I hope it makes sense from looking at a triangle wave that it sounds about halfway between a square wave and a sine wave. They are similar to square waves in the fact they cover more than one harmonic.
Again, as with the square and triangle waves, a sawtooth wave is named after what it looks like, in this case the tooth of a saw. If you listen to a sawtooth wave it will probably sound familiar as it is a very popular waveform in music. Sawtooth waves are known for a distinct buzzing sound.
Voltage controlled filters VCFs on a synth are there to filter out certain frequencies from the sound. By applying a filter you are eliminating some of these frequencies, focussing down more and more on a certain part of the broad frequency spectrum. There are two types of filter on most synths. A high pass filter and a low pass filter. You may or may not be familiar with the idea of EQ in music. I wrote a whole article about it here.
But in summary, it is the process of boosting or reducing certain frequencies of a sound. In a parametric EQ you can do this for very specific frequencies or you can change whole ranges of frequencies at once. The image below shows an EQ where frequencies within a very specific range have been filtered out amplitude is on the y-axis and frequency is on the x-axis. A high pass filter will let high frequencies pass I told you this synth jargon was simple really so when you turn on this filter you will stop hearing lower frequencies.
Likewise, if you want to get rid of high frequencies you can use a low pass filter to only allow bass frequencies through. There are a few other terms associated with filters that you may come across on your synth:. The cutoff frequency is the frequency at which the filter begins to work. The rate at which this happens can be changed on many synths and is known as the slope. With db being the steeper slope. However, most synths come with some other settings within the filter that will help you make some much more interesting music.
Filter resonance adds a peak at the point of the cutoff point; routing sounds back into the filter resulting ultimately in feedback. Resonance will, therefore, give you some quite harsh sounds but also some brighter sounds too. Most synths will let you modulate the filter which is when you get some really interesting sounds. But before I try and explain how the modulation works I think it is best if I explain the final part of the main synthesizer circuit which is the amplifier:.
Continuing on its journey once your sound wave has passed through a filter it will reach the voltage controlled amplifier VCA. Where the signal will be amplified in order for us to hear. Within the amplifier is what is known as the ASDR envelope and this is the final change you get to manipulate the sound before it leaves the synth. You are manipulating to volume of the sound in the amplifier. I find the concept of ADSR is best visualized as a graph. Each note or chord you play will produce a graph looking something like the one shown below.
The attack is the amount of time it takes for a note to reach peak amplitude volume. Strumming a guitar or hitting a drum are examples of an extremely quick attack. The loudest part of the note or chord happens almost instantly. In contrast, other instruments like strings or a synth pad sound will have a slower attack taking time to reach the peak amplitude. If you simply want short punchy notes that have a loud peak but then quickly dip back down then set a faster decay time.
But if you want that peak to be present for longer extend the decay time. On a synthesizer, this sustained level lasts for as long as you hold the note down, which could be forever if you have that much time on your hands. And finally, the release is the amount of time it takes once you let go of the note for the amplitude to return to zero silence.
So the basic construction of a synthesizer is fairly simple. You have your oscillators producing a sound, a filter letting through certain frequencies of that sound and then an amplifier converting that to an audible signal. But with just those capabilities a synth would be quite limited. You would be able to produce the basic waveform sounds and take away certain frequencies, but that would be it a bit boring.
So to create more weird and wonderful sounds we look to modulation. Modulation is required within a synthesizer in order to change modulate the sound of a note. Each type of modulation has a source and a destination, with the source being the thing that creates the modulation and then the destination being the thing that is being modulated. The destinations things that can be modulated are pitch, cutoff frequency, and volume. The source of the modulation can come in two types either one that varies over the length of the note i.
This modulates the cutoff frequency either up or down. The ADSR envelope then defines how quickly this modulation occurs attack , how quickly it gets to the sustain filter level and then once you release the note how long it takes for the filter to return to the original cutoff frequency.
And they have to work together. There is no point in having a gradual attack and slow release on the filter envelope when you have a fast attack and fast release on the amp envelope. The note will have finished before the filter envelope has a chance to do anything. You hopefully know what an oscillator is now after reading the earlier section of this article. As with the other oscillators, the LFO can have a variety of different waveforms, sine, triangle, sawtooth, square etc.
The LFO is technically producing a sound but it is usually below 20Hz and so is inaudible to most humans unless you have supernatural hearing. So you can use this LFO to modulate the pitch, the filter or the volume of the sound. You can then change the various settings on the LFO such as:. You can change the speed or rate of the LFO using a dial. Which is how long it takes to move through a certain period of the waveform.
On many synthesizers, you will also have a knob or wheel to dial in the depth of the LFO. This is the amount the LFO modulates the sound, with depth set to full the LFO will affect the sound quite significantly whilst when the depth is set at the lowest point it will barely be noticeable. This will introduce a delay time between when the note is pressed and when the LFO begins to take effect. But really the purpose of an arpeggiator is to allow the player to make their synth play a series of notes one after another, in a sequence, without having to press each individual note every time.
Most synthesizers with arpeggiators will have different types to choose from. Have a mess around with the settings on your particular synthesizer and see what happens. The tempo is the speed at which the arpeggiation is that a word? This will most likely be displayed in beats per minute BPM and it will often make logical sense to have this set to the same BPM as the rest of your song so it fits nicely.
A handy function on an arpeggiator is the latch function. This means the sequence of notes will continue to play without you having to hold the note or notes down continuously. This then allows you to mess around with other features such as filters whilst the notes continue to play as if by magic.
What I have spoken about above is subtractive synthesis, this is the synthesis you are most likely to come across. But you may hear about another type of synthesis and that is additive synthesis. Instead of offering a variety of different waveforms, an additive synth only tends to produce sine waves. These sine waves from multiple oscillators can then be combined to build different sounds.
This is done by tuning each oscillator to a frequency corresponding to a certain harmonic. For this reason, additive synthesizers tend to have more oscillators to be able to build up a complex sound. You may be familiar with the look of modular synthesizers as instruments that look like they belong in a spaceship.
A modular synth differs from the perhaps more familiar keyboard synthesizers in the fact that instead of having components already wired together in a fixed order i. Each module is a self-contained component that forms part of the overall system, for example, you could have an LFO module or a filter module etc.
I don't think investing in synths is very safe though. I think it contains risks that no-one will eventually want to buy the gear. Synths are not investment tools, despite the prices you see them selling for among collectors, synths don't generate huge returns or profits. As. Get detailed information about the KIM KINDEX Synth-MSCI Indonesia ETF including Price, Charts, Technical Analysis, Historical data, KIM KINDEX Synth-MSCI.